Blender 2.64 – Edit Mode / Mesh Modeling

Objects have 4 sub-components; vertices, edges, faces and origin

Selecting Vertices Edges And Faces

Tab – edit mode

Ctrl Tab – switch between vertices, edge, and face edit mode

A – Select all / none

Right Click – select / deselect

Shift Right Click – Select / deselect  additional vertices

B – Box select

C – Circle select

  • mouse wheel up / down – increase / decrease circle size
  • left mouse button to select
  • middle mouse to deselect

Alt Right Click – Select horizontal or vertical loop of geometry

Shift Alt Right Click – Select / deselect additional horizontal or vertical loop of geometry

Ctrl Alt Right Click – Select horizontal or vertical ring of geometry

Shift Ctrl Alt Right Click – Select / deselect additional horizontal or vertical ring of geometry

Limit Selection 3D viewport toolbar – only works in solid display mode

  •   Limit Selection button off – allows selection of all vertices
  •   Limit Selection button on – limits select to only visible vertices

G, R, S – Translate selected location, rotations, or scale

X,Y,Z – Constrain selected translation to respective axis.

Shift X,Y,Z – Constrain selected translation to plane of respective axis.

/Editing Geomtry

/Ctrl Left Click – create vertex

/Ctrl Left Click – create vertex connected by edge or face from last active selected vertices

/F – Create edge between two vertices

/F-  Create polygon between 3 or more selected vertices

/Vertex, Edge and Face Menu

Ctrl V – open vertex menu

Ctrl E – open edge menu

Ctrl F – open face menu

Space – open search command menu

Subdivide

3d Viewport -> Tools Panel -> Subdivide – divides in half selected sub components

Alt J – Converts two joined triangle faces into one quad face

Loop Cut and Slide

Ctrl R – begin Loop cut

  • Slide loop and left click to place cut or right click to cut at median
  • Mouse wheel up / down – increase / decrease cuts

Knife Cut

K – begin knife cut

  • Left Click to draw cut lines
  • Hold Ctrl for exact midpoint knife cut

Enter – end knife cut

Rip Tool

V – will detach vertex and adjoining edges to be translated towards the direction of the mouse cursor

Extrude Tool

E – Extrude selected geometry

3D Viewport -> Tools Panel -> Extrude region button – Extrude geometry as a region

3D Viewport -> Tools Panel -> Extrude individual  button – Extrude geometry individually

Spin / Spin Duplicate Tool

3D Viewport -> Tools Panel -> Spin – spins selected geometry around the 3D cursor perpendicular to screen view

Screw

3D Viewport -> Tools Panel -> Screw – spins open line mesh geometry 360 and translates in the Z direction resulting in the bottom vertex meeting the top vertex after one revolution.

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Blender 2.64 – Manipulating Objects

Adding Adding Mesh Objects in Edit Mode

Tab – enter edit mode -> Shift A- add mesh to object

  • Only primitive mesh objects are available to add when in edit mode

Naming Objects

Outliner – Double left click name

3D Viewport – N – Open Object properties panel at right side of 3D viewport-> Item panel

Deleting Objects

X – delete object

Delete – delete object

Undo, Redo

Ctrl Z – undo

Shift Ctrl Z – Redo

User Preferences -> Edititing tab -> Undo: – Adjust Undo settings

Blender Layers

0 through 9 – activate respective layer

Shift 0 through 9 – activate layer in addition to already active layer

M – move object to layer

  • hold Shift to add object to multiple layers

Note : Blender will only render active layers

Global and Local Orientation

X, Y, Z – during translation, rotation or, scale to constrain to respective axis

  • X, Y, Z again – switch constraint local object axis

Center Point Object Origin

3D viewport toolbar -> Object  -> Transform -> Geometry to Origin

3D viewport toolbar -> Object  -> Transform -> Origin to Geometry

3D viewport toolbar -> Object  -> Transform ->  Origin to 3D cursor

Shift Ctrl Alt C – Set origin dialog box

T -> open 3D Viewport  Object Tools Panel  -> Origin button under Transform

  • The origin the the small dot that represents where the center of an object should be. Translate, rotate, and scale control an object relative from the point of origin. An objects origin can be thought of as its own 0,0,0.

Pivot Points

Active Element  – Object rotates around last selected object

Median Point – Objects  rotate around median of selection

Individual Origins – Objects rotate around their own individual origin

3D Cursor – Object rotates around 3D cursor

Bounding Box Center – Objects rotate around center point of bounding box of all selected objects

Outliner Editor

Left mouse – Select object in outliner

  • Icons next to object names corresond to icons in the properties context buttons in the properties editor..

The eye icon toggles an objects visiability in the 3D vieport

The pointer icon toggles the ability to select the object

The Camera icon toggles an object renderable

CameraView

Numpad 0 – switch to camera view

Ctrl Alt Numpad 0 – align active camera to view

3d Viewport toolbar -> view -> Align to View -> Align active camera to view

Shift F – control camera with mouse while in camera view

  • mouse wheel up / down –  throttle forward / back zoom speed
  • mouse pointer direction – throttles camera rotate in respective direction
  • hold middle mouse button – pan and truck

Duplicating Objects

Shift D – create duplicate object in translate mode

Alt D – create duplicate linked object – duplicate objects mimic each other

3D viewport toolbar -> Object -> Duplicate Objects

3D viewport toolbar -> Object -> Duplicate Linked

Mesh Smoothing

T -> open 3D Viewport  Object Tools Panel – Shading :  Smooth /  Flat

Properties editor -> Object Data context button -> Normals panel -> Auto Smooth – Set angle

Smothing Groups

  1. Make object smooth in object tools panel
  2. Add Edge Split modifier
  3. Select Edges – Ctrl E -> Mark sharp / Clear sharp

Blender 2.64 – The Blender interface

Flip tool bar from top or bottom of editor window – right click tool bar and choose ‘Flip to Bottom / Top’

Ctrl Up Arrow – Toggle ‘Maximize’ editor window and ‘Tile Area’ editor windows

Maximize editor window – Right click toolbar of editor window and choose ‘Maximize Area’

3D Viewport

T – Open Close Object tools Panel at left side of 3D viewport

N – Open Close Object  properties panel at right side of 3D viewport

Ctrl Alt Q – Toggle quad view

Click hold middle mouse button – dolly vieport

Shift click hold middle mouse button – pan viewport

Mouse Scroll Up – Zoom in

Mouse Scroll Down – Zoom out

Numpad + (plus) –  Zoom in

Numpad – (minus)  – Zoom out

Numpad 5 – switch perspective / orthographic mode

Numpad 1 – front view

Numpad 3 – Right view

Numpad 7 – top view

Ctrl Numpad 1 – Back view

Ctrl Numpad 3 – Left view

Ctrl Numpad 7 – Bottom view

Numpad 0 – Camera view

Numpad 2, 4, 6, 8 – rotate viewport incrementally

Numpad .  – Center display on selected object

Center display on selected object – Toolbar – View -> View Selected

Numpad / – Toggle selected object local view

  • Toggle selected object local view centers display on selected object and hides everything else in the scene

Home – View extends of scene – view everything in scene

Blender Controls

G – Translate (move) object

R – Rotate Object

S – Scale Object

Shift Ctrl Alt C – Set origin

  • The origin the the small dot that represents where the center of an object should be. Translate, rotate, and scale control an object relative from the point of origin. An objects origin can be thought of as its own 0,0,0.

Shift D – Duplicate object

Delete – Delete an object

Ctrl J – Join objects

  • Shift select multiple objects and press Ctrl J to join objects  as one.  Joined objects will adopt the name of the last select object

Mesh

Mesh Modeling Mode and Viewport Shading

Tab – Toggle between edit mode and object mode

Z – Toggle between wireframe viewport shading and solid viewport shading

Blender Grid, Units, Scale

3D Viewport Right Properties Panel -> Display Panel – Adjust 3D viewport grid floor

Properties Editor -> Scenes Context Button -> Units Panel – Select unit of measurement and scale

Blender XYZ Coordinates

File -> User Preference -> interface tab -> Mini Axis – Adjust size and brighness of mini axis in bottom left corner of 3D viewport

X axis – Red

Y axis – Green

Z axis – Blue

Primitive Mesh Objects

Shift C – Set 3D cursor to 0,0,0

Shift A – Add primitive mesh object to scene

Selecting Objects

Mouse Right Click – Select

Shift Mouse Right Click – Add / Remove selection

  • Last object selected is considered the ‘Active Selection’

A – Toggle select all / select none

B – Box selection

C – Circle selection

  • mouse wheel up / down to increase / decrease size of circle
  • left mouse button to select
  • middle mouse to deselect

Ctrl Left Mouse button hold and drag – Lasso selection

3D Viewport toolbar ‘Select’ menu for additional options.

Moving (translate) Objects

G – begin translation

  • Press X, Y, Z to constrain translation along respective axis
  • Shift X, Y, Z to constrain translation to respective axis’ plane
  • Hold Ctrl to restrict movement to 1 blender unit increments
  • Hold Shift to slow movement for precision

Left Click – end translation

or

Right Click – cancel translation

Alt G – reset translation back to 0, 0, 0

Rotating Objects

R – begin rotation

  • Press X, Y, Z to constrain rotation around respective axis
  • Hold Ctrl to restrict rotation to 5 degree  increments
  • Hold Shift to slow rotation for precision

Left Click – end rotation

or

Right Click – cancel rotation

Alt R – reset rotation back to 0, 0, 0

Scaling Objects

S – begin scaling object from center points

  • Press X, Y, Z to constrain scale along respective axis
  • Hold Ctrl to scale object by increments of 0.1
  • Hold Shift to slow scale for precision

Alt S – reset object scale to 1, 1, 1

Opening, saving and auto saving files

Ctrl N – Open new .blend file

Ctrl O – Open existing .blend file

Shift Ctrl S – Save file as

Ctrl S – Save file